Tramadol hydrochloride 50mg

What is Tramadol hcl 50mg?

Tramadol hcl 50mg is an outstanding pain reliever, which falls under the category of narcotic analgesics. It is available online in the form of capsules which gives the benefit of fast onset of action. It is used to combat moderate to severe pain. It is helpful in dealing pain associated with injury, surgery, inflammation, vascular disorders, trauma, clinical or laboratory diagnostics, etc.

Although, Tramadol has actions akin to narcotic analgesics, it has very less habit-forming potential. Tramadol hcl 50mg is one of the most prescribed drugs in the management of pain occurring due to various reasons. The dosing schedule is different for each patient and it is according to the general analysis and also the characteristics of the pain syndrome.

Tramadol hcl 50mg works through an exclusive mechanism of action which gives break from pain successfully and instantly. It has two different types of mechanism which are involved in reducing the pain.

Tramadol hcl 50mg acts as an agonist to the opioid receptors. Normally, μ-opioid receptors are found ubiquitously in the human body and are responsible for the incidence of pain. Tramadol binds with these receptors and decreases the effects of chemicals like prostaglandins, COX1 and COX2 etc. This results in the reduction of pain in short period of time.

Secondly, Tramadol inhibits the reuptake of inhibits serotonin and nor-epinephrine. This also helps in the lessening of the pain. This dual mechanism of action makes it a perfect solution to get relief from pain.

Drugs Interactions of Tramadol hcl 50mg

The following drugs interact with Tramadol hcl 50mg and if they are taken concomitantly with this pain-killer, damaging effects can occur.

  • Celecoxib
  • Sleeping pills- It enhances its sedative effects.
  • Zolpidem: Zolpidem should be avoided along with Tramadol hcl 50mg as it may produce serious dizziness and drowsiness.
  • Anti-Convulsants
  • Aspirin: The intake of Aspirin along with Tramadol should be discussed with doctor before taking it.

Contraindications of Tramadol hcl 50mg

There are many situations in which the use of Tramadol hcl 50mg is contraindicated such as:-

  • If you are allergic to tramadol or other opioid receptor agonists as it can lead to allergic reactions like hives, rashes, irritation, etc.
  • If you have a history of alcohol or substance use because Tramadol can lead to addiction.
  • If you have any history of suicidal attempts, epilepsy, central nervous system disorders, alcohol or narcotic poisoning, etc.
  • If a woman is pregnant and breast feeding as it may have negative influence on the development of the fetus/child.
  • If you are taking other types narcotic substances, sleeping medications, Tranquilizers and other related drugs as it can lead to severe interactions.
  • Consumption of alcoholic beverages, certain drugs should be avoided as they may potentiate its effects.

Tramadol hcl 50mg should be stored at room temperature and kept away from the reach of children and pets.

Dosage of Tramadol hcl 50mg

Tramadol is available in the standard dosage of 50mg. It is available in the form of capsules. It has fast-onset of action, which lasts from 4 to 6 hours. The choice of dose depends on the strength and length of pain, age, sexual category etc. The persons suffering from moderate pain are given Tramadol hcl 50mg every 6 hours. The extended release formulation containing 50mg of this drug should be used once per 12 hours.

The drug is not allowed for individuals lees than 14 years old because there are high chances of the development of physical addiction in the children. The maximum dose of the Tramadol for adult is 400 mg per day and 300 mg per day for adults suffering from liver or kidney dysfunction. It is to be taken according to the necessity. Do not take this drug for extended period of time as it can lead to physical as well as mental addiction.

Patients suffering from acute pain should take 1-2 capsules at least 3 times a day. Patients having persistent pain can take 1-2 capsules at a gap of 4-6 hours, while Geriatric Patients are allowed to take only 1-2 capsules at a gap of 9 hours.

Tramadol is permitted in higher doses only in cases of cancer pain. Proper precautions are followed to avoid any undesirable effect. It can be consumed with or without food but to diminish the chances of getting an upset stomach, it is better to take it with food. Tramadol hcl 50mg can lead to detrimental effects if its dosage schedule is not followed in the approved manner, if it is used for extended period of time or it is taken in huge amounts.

Safety from any type of narcotic substance depends on the individual's acceptability. The oral drug therapy of pain with Tramadol always starts from the lowest dose and then increased gradually. Tramadol acts directly on the central nervous system and helps in the improvement of painful symptoms.

Do not take this drug in large amounts to avoid shallow breathing, tremors, fatigue, lack of coordination, vision problems, convulsions, loss of movement, etc. If you miss the dose of this drug once, then take it as soon as you remember. But if it is already the time for another dose, then do not take it.

Side Effects of Tramadol hcl 50mg

The most common side effects of Tramadol hcl 50mg include spasms, hallucinations, deprivation of sleep, depression, diarrhea, vomiting, stomachache, faster heartbeat, delayed responses, nervousness, anxiety, tremor, etc. These are generally well-tolerated and do not require any dose modification.

Points to remember while taking Tramadol hcl 50mg:

  • If you are taking drugs used in mental conditions then avoid the use of Tramadol.
  • Patients who have peptic ulcers problems should not use this drug.
  • Those who have the kidney and liver disorders should use this drug with precaution.
  • Consumption of alcoholic beverages, certain drugs should be avoided as they may potentiate its effects.

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